Humphreys Peak • Highpoint: State of Arizona
• Highpoint: Coconino County
• Range Highpoint: San Francisco Peaks

The peak shrouded in newly fallen snow

Taking a break at the Weatherford Saddle, with Humphreys Peak behind me (June 1997)

Jen, Mark, Adrian and me (June 1997)

Jason and I relax in the rock shelter on the summit (September 1998)

Summit pose: my 5th ascent (July 1999)

Beth and I on the top (June 2003)

At the sign, Beth and I

A view of the peak from nearby Agassiz Peak

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Prominence Peaks


Summit Panoramas

Computer generated pan- oramas from the summit, as created by Jonathan de Ferranti, a map-wizard based in Scotland. His highly-detailed images describe the distant horizons, ranges and peaks, with compass bearings and distances provided. They are remarkable and, in my opinion, beautiful works of artPlease check them out!

Humphreys Peak, North Panorama
Humphreys Peak, South Panorama
Viewfinder Panoramas
(Jonathan de Ferranti's site)

The County Highpoints of Arizona

My new book on the county highpoints of Arizona! Retails at $11.95. Click on the link or the cover image for ordering information.


Date: (1) July 11, 1994; (2) June 14, 1997; (3) September 13, 1997; (4) September 26, 1998; (5) July 3, 1999; (6) June 13, 2003 • Elevation: 12,633 feet • Prominence: 6,039 feet • Distance: 9.5 miles • Time: Usually 7 hours • Gain: 3,300 feet • Conditions: Nice, sometimes windy, had clouds and fog on 3rd visit • Teammates: (1) Just me; (2) Mark, Jen, Adrian; (3) Kelly; (4) Jason; (5) Dritan (partway); (6) Beth

Humphreys Peak may be the best-known mountain in Arizona, especially to people from out of state. It is the state's highest mountain and one of only two peaks to exceed 12,000 feet in elevation (nearby ridgebump Mount Agassiz is the other), and the only true alpine life-zone environment in Arizona. Due to its status as the state highpoint, it naturally attracts hikers from all over, even internationally. As far as big western peaks go, climbing Humphreys is actually quite simple since it features a trail all the way to the summit. Most try it in the summer and fall months, while more experienced climbers can make the summit during winter's sometimes-snowy conditions.

Despite its seemingly tame nature, Humphreys can be a tough customer for those who come unprepared, or if the weather turns south. Thunderstorms build amazingly fast during the monsoon, while high winds are common along the upper ridges. The elevation can sometimes knock people flat, especially if they show up without any acclimation. Personally, I have been on the mountain numerous times: six successful summits, two failed attempts and two winter search-and-rescue training missions. I have been up there in wonderful conditions, and in white-outs, storms, and winds that would blow me over.

Humphreys Peak is a rim-point along the ancient caldera of a once-gigantic volcano that may have risen close to 16,000 feet in elevation. Some time in the distant past it blew up, similar in manner to the 1980 Mount Saint Helens blast. The mountain blew sideways, sending everything eastward and reducing the summit by a few thousand feet in the process. The series of hills and mountains east of Humphreys are remnants of this old blast. The collective remains of this once mighty volcano are grouped together as the "San Francisco Peaks".

When driving toward the range from the south via Flagstaff, Humphreys Peak is invisible, hidden by the foreground peaks. What seems like the highest points is actually Agassiz Peak and Fremont Peak. The volcano is now extinct, but volcanism still exists in the area. Nearby peaks like Kendrick, Sitgreaves and Bill Williams owe their existence to past volcanism, and the Sunset Crater/Bonito Lava flow nearby dates to less than 1,000 years ago. The high country around Flagstaff and including the big peaks is sometimes grouped into a superset of ranges and peaks called the San Francisco Volcanic Field.

The driving and hiking is fairly straightforward: From Flagstaff, follow the signs to the Grand Canyon, eventually getting onto US-180 westbound. About 8 miles out of Flagstaff take the Snowbowl Road up another 7 miles to the parking areas. The hike starts at the lower Snowbowl parking lot at a large information kiosk. The trail cuts diagonally across the ski area and enters the trees at the Kachina Wilderness boundary. It is a well-constructed trail and very easy to follow. About a half-mile in, the trail comes to a T-junction: turn left (going right leads to the upper buildings of the ski area). From here, the trail makes four or five long switchbacks up the west flanks of the peak. Views are minimal due to the trees, but nearer the top the trees thin and the views west over the Coconino Plateau are astounding.

The trail then traverses up toward Weatherford Saddle between Humphreys Peak and Agassiz Peak. Here, the trees are virtually gone or severely stunted. Also, the trail gets steep in places but not difficult. Weatherford Saddle is at 12,000 feet elevation and offers an excellent place to stop for a break. It is tempting to hike up Agassiz but due to the sensitive biota, hiking it is not allowed except in winter when it is under snow. The remaining mile to Humphreys Peak is along the west crater rim. The trail loses itself in the rocks sometimes but the going is easy and logical. A handful of false summits await you before the true summit is reached. Overall the hike is 4.5 miles one-way, with about 3,300 feet of gain. It usually takes me between six and seven hours round trip.

My summaries of my hikes:

First Attempt (July 1993): My first attempt didn't go very well, partly due to weather and my own inexperience. Driving up from Phoenix I arrived at the trailhead around 7 in the morning and started hiking ... the wrong way. I actually followed a lesser path at a wrong bearing from the kiosk signs. I walked across the ski run, into the trees, across some more meadows, more trees, meadows, and knew I was lost. No big deal, I figured. I just started hiking uphill and in time I intersected the trail. I was relieved.

I followed the trail up to Weatherford Saddle where I came upon snow and white-out conditions. The winter of 1992-93 had been a very wet one and there was still much snow on the peak, which is atypical for July. I tried to follow beaten paths but had just 5 feet of visibility, so I decided to cancel this try and head out. The hike out went fine (I saw a big porcupine) but when I got back to my truck I discovered I had left my lights on, and my battery was dead. Some work guys gave me a jump, and I headed back home considerably wiser, and 0 for 1 on the peak.

Second Attempt (July 1994): In excellent weather, I took the standard Humphreys Trail from Snowbowl to the top. There was not a cloud from horizon to horizon, and the North Rim of the Grand Canyon was visible, about 70 miles to the north. The weather was spectacular and I had a wonderful hike. 1 for 2.

Third Attempt (June 1997): I went up with college friends Adrian and Jennifer (Whitney, '92), and Jennifer's fiance, Mark. Jen and Mark had tried Humphreys once before in late Spring but snow stopped them. Adrian, who lives in England, was traveling through America and bagging peaks. As for our hike, we had cool yet nice weather but had strong winds near the top. Same route as before. 2 for 3.

Fourth Attempt (September 1997): I kept a long-standing promise to take my friend Kelly (Whitney '92, Boundary '95) up Humphreys, and she finally took me up on it. Her friend Doug also came along. The mountain was socked in with clouds from the monsoon storms the night before. I stayed with Kelly while Doug literally ran up and down the peak. We went slow but eventually summitted in dense fog. No views. Coming down it started to rain and one bolt of lightning prompted us to jog down the route back into the trees. 3 for 4.

Fifth Attempt (January 1998): My first winter/snow conditions attempt. I went with a group of five total. Weather had been dry and we hoped the snow had consolidated well. I had a brand-new pair of snowshoes, and I am glad to report they worked great. However my tummy not so great. I got very nauseous half-way up, keeling over and nearly throwing up a few times. Probable altitude sickness symptom, so I turned around back to the ski area and camped out there for awhile, waiting for the others. 3 for 5.

Mountain Rescue SAR Alpine/Avalanche Training (February 1998): This was an exercise for our Mountain Rescue Unit. There were nearly 40 of us, from Central Arizona Mountain Rescue (CAMRA; my group), Southern Arizona Rescue Association, Grand Canyon NPS Search and Rescue and the Northern Arizona Search and Rescue Association. We began our climb around 7 a.m. in about 8 inches of new snow. We all plowed through the powder to the 11,400 foot level near an old World War II Bomber crash site on the west face of the peak, where we dug snow caves for an overnight stay.

During the evening, a storm blew in, dropped about another foot of powder, and created some iffy avalanche conditions on the bare slopes below the summit, precluding any attempt for the top. We packed up camp and headed for the bottom early the next morning. There were some classes on avalanches, recognizing snow layers, things like that. Some people really suffered, and I think we had some bona-fide cases of Altitude Sickness among the group. I felt mostly okay but lethargic. The hike out the next day was fun, tromping in powder through the trees and avoiding the skiers.

Sixth Attempt (September 1998): I went up with Mountain Rescue pal Jason Odrzywolski (pronounced "O-drz-y-wol-ski") for some exercise and another attempt at the peak. We made excellent time and passed quite a few people. Winds at the summit were extremely strong, but the views were superb. I literally crawled up the final 100 feet. The gusts were above 80 mph. The hike down went fast, although I slipped once and took a pretty hefty spill. Total time: 7 hours, including a total of one hour of stoppage at the saddle and the summit. 4 for 6.

Seventh Attempt (July 1999): I was joined by a couple people from ASU's Math Department. We arrived at the trailhead at 6:30 a.m., dismayed by the cloud cover on the top of the peaks. We began hiking in, taking a leisurely pace, not entirely sure whether the summit was possible with the clouds (i.e. possible storms). Around 9:30 a.m. the clouds began to drift away and I decided to make a push for the top. I made the summit around 11 a.m. The winds were strong and clouds drifted up and over the top, but the views were tremendous for the most part. The hike down was pleasant and I arrived back to my truck by 2:30. The others generally did their own thing. 5 for 7.

Mountain Rescue Alpine Recertification (February 2002): We (CAMRA) had to re-certify in Alpine Rescue, so we tromped up to Humphreys for our recert. Unfortunately this was a very dry winter and even now there was barely any snow on the ground. We found enough to make some snow-anchors, dig trenches, do some avalanche beacon/pole searches and enact a few scenarios. There was enough to make it fun and informative, and we passed, of course, because we're awesome. There was never any doubt with that. The best thing afterwards was the big meal in town when 30+ of us all crammed our smelly butts into a little Italian place in Flag. Mmm, good eating.

Eighth Attempt (June 2003): Beth gave me a late birthday gift: a weekend at the Ski Lift Lodge just north of Flagstaff on the main highway out of town. The lodge consists of a handful of bungalows and is located at the junction of the main highway (US-180) and Snowbowl Road. We arrived Friday evening and toured downtown Flagstaff, enjoying a dinner at Charlie's, in the Weatherford Hotel.

The next morning, we hiked up to Humphreys' summit, starting on the trail around 8 a.m. We were in no hurry due to very clear and windless conditions. After a long break at the Weatherford Saddle, we arrived onto the summit at noon. Unlike my last couple of times at the top, there was no wind. The downside was the number of bugs and flies up this high. But the views were spectacular and we had a great time.

I counted 27 people on the summit, with a few dozen more either going down or coming up the trails. It was by far the most crowded I'd ever seen the peak. I'm guessing a lot of people in the Flagstaff area awoke to a beautiful morning and decided on the spot to hike the peak. Our hike down went quick, and one woman had counted the number of people who signed in at the register at the start: 166 for the day (so far). We saw numerous people still going up, and a lot of people just out for an amble on the lower slopes. Who can blame them? It was so clear and beautiful.

For Beth and I, our round trip took 7 hours, and were grateful to have our hotel so close. We showered and rested, then went back into town that evening for a celebratory dinner at a Mexican food place. The next day, Sunday, we used our complimentary ski-lift vouchers given to us by the hotel people and rode the ski lift to the 11,500-foot level on Agassiz Peak's west slopes. I had never done this before and it was a unique position from which to view Humphreys. We stayed here for about 30 minutes then rode down. Thank you, Beth! 6 for 8.

A comment on Humphreys Peak: This hike is probably the easiest highpoint of all the western states. The trail is well maintained, it's easily done in a few hours and it doesn't have any portions of extreme exposure or requiring technical expertise. However, Humphreys makes up for its relative ease by having some very fickle weather. Summer thunderstorms are tremendous, extremely dangerous and they build up FAST! It can go from blue, cloudless skies to big puffy thunderheads and lightning in about 30 minutes time. If you go up during the monsoon season (usually July-August), plan to be off the mountain by noon, which means a 5 or 6 am start.

(c) 2003 - 2016 Scott Surgent. For entertainment purposes only. This report is not meant to replace maps, compass, gps and other common sense hiking/navigation items. Neither I nor the webhost can be held responsible for unfortunate situations that may arise based on these trip reports. Conditions (physical and legal) change over time! Some of these hikes are major mountaineering or backpacking endeavors that require skill, proper gear, proper fitness and general experience.